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[备考攻略] 【AP政治词汇】美国政府与政治必背单词大全(已分类)

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发表于 2016-1-29 14:20:11 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式

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这篇文章都是小编精心挑选总结的AP政府与政治类的单词表,按类分别,更容易背~
mark起来!

AP政府与政治重要词汇分类表

Government
政府

Politics
Government
Democracy
Direct democracy
Representative democracy
Republic
Legitimate
Parliamentary system
Presidential system
A Congress  
A President
The Judiciary

The Constitution
宪法

Articles of Confederation
Sovereignty
Unicameral legislature
Shay’s Rebellion
Great (or Connecticut)Compromise
Constitution  
Majority Rule  
Minority Rights
To propose an Amendment  
To ratify an Amendment  
Some key facts
Republic
Judicial review
Separation of powers
Federalism
Congress  
President  
Courts
Checks and balances
Faction
Federalists
Antifederalists
Federalist Papers
Coalition
The Bill of Rights  
Ex Post Facto Law  
Writ of Habeas Corpus  
Bill of Attainder
Amendment1, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10
Amendment2 & 3

Civil Liberties
公民自由

Bill of Rights
Civil liberties
Due-process clause
Equal protection clause
Incorporation
Prior restraint
Freedom of Expression
Criminaland Civil Law
Libel
Free speech
Symbolic speech
Free-exercise clause
Establishment clause
Wall of separation
Religious freedom
Exclusionary rule
Search warrants
Probable cause
The Miranda Rules
CriminalJustice
Good-faithexception

Civil Rights
公民权利

Separate-but-equal doctrine
Suspect classifications
Strict scrutiny
Reverse discrimination
Equality of opportunities
Affirmative action
Civil Rights
Affirmative Action
Rightsfor Women
Police powers
Privacy and Abortion
Gay Rights

Federalism
宪政主义

Sovereignty
Federalism
Confederation
Confederal system
Nullification
Dual federalism
Grants-in-aid
The States and the Constitution
Categorical grant
Blockgrant
Mandates
Conditions of aid

Public opinion and the Media
公益和媒体

Public opinion
Poll
Random sample
The Art of Public-Opinion Polling
Sampling error
Elite(political)
New class
Traditional middle class
Gender gap
Liberal
Conservative
Political ideology

Political parties and Interest groups
政党和利益团体

Political party
Interest group
Faction
Lobbyists
National convention
National committee
Congressional campaign committee
National chairman
Federal money
Soft money
Political machine
Ideological party
Solidary
Personal following
Single-member districts
Proportional representation
Plurality system
Caucus(congressional)
Interests Represented by Organizations in Washington Politics
Political efficacy
Solidary incentives
Material incentives
Purposive incentive
Publicinterest lobby
Pluralist theory(politics)
Cue(political)

Campaigns and Elections
选战和选举

Activist
Australian ballot
Voting-age population(VAP)
Voting-eligible population (VEP)
Registered voters
Motor-voter law
Kinds of Elections
General election
Primary election
Closed primary
Open primary
Blanket primary
Runoff primary
Presidential primary
Spots(campaign)
Visual(campaign)
Retrospective voters
Prospective voters
Critical,or realigning,periods
New Deal coalition
Split-tickets
Party-column ballot
Office-bloc ballot
Straight ticket voting
Selective attention
Political action committee (PAC)
Independent expenditures
Soft money
Matching funds
Major Federal Campaign-Finance Rules
527s

Congress
国会

Party polarization
Congress
Parliament
Franking privilege
Bicameral legislature
The Powers of Congress
Runoff primary
Majority leader (floorleader)
Minority leader
Whip
Speaker
Representative
Senator
Judging qualifications
Privileges
The size of Congress
Party vote
Caucus(congressional)
Standing committees
Select committees
Joint committees
Conference committees
Major committees  
Minor committees
Exclusive committees   
Major committees  
No-major committees
Simple resolution
Concurrent resolution
Joint resolution
Discharge petition
Restrictive rule
Closed rule
Openrule
House   
Senate
Filibuster
Riders
Cloture resolution
Double tracking
Voice vote
Division vote
Roll-call vote
Veto


The Presidency
总统制

Executive privilege
Veto message
Pocket veto
Line-item veto
Legislative veto
Signing Statements
Circular structure
Pyramid structure
Cluster structure
Cabinet
The President: qualifications and benefits
Trial balloon
Impeachment
Budget resolution
Continuing resolution
Budget deficit
Budget surplus


The Bureaucracy
官僚制


Bureaucracy
Discretionary authority
Competitive service
Excepted service
Name-request job
Iron triangle
Issue network
Authorization legislation
Appropriation
Trust funds
Committee clearance
Red tape

The Judiciary
司法制度

Judicial review
Strict constructionist approach (judicial)
Activist approach (judicial)
Marburyv. Madison
Constitutional court
District courts
Courts of appeals
Legislative court
Senatorial courtesy
The Organization of the Federal Courts
Federal-question cases
Diversity cases
Writof certiorari
In forma pauperis
Fee shifting
Standing
Sovereign immunity
Class-action suit
TheFederal Court System
Brief
Amicus curiae
Opinion of the Court
Percuriam opinion
Concurring opinion
Dissenting opinion
Stare decisis
Precedent
Political question
Remedy
Judicial activism

Making Domestic Policy
国内政策制定

Deficit
National debt
Gross Domestic Product
The Federal Reserve Board
Fiscal policy
Cost
Benefit
Legitimacy
Majoritarian politics
Client politics
Interest-group politics
Entrepreneurial politics
Policy entrepreneur

Foreign and Military Policy
外交政策和军事政策

Client politics
Interest-group politics
Entrepreneurial politics
Majoritarian politics
Polarization
Containment

The Declaration of Independence
独立宣言

The Constitution of the United States
美国宪法

TheFederalist Papers
联邦党人文集





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